to balance economic growth and natural resource (Huysman et.al., 2015). Wood. Plastic Composites, which are considered as modern composite materials and widely used in many construction applications such as decking, roofing, furniture and house decorations is a powerful instrument to recycle post-consume plastics.
The Treated Wood Council has completed a quantitative evaluation of the environmental impacts associated with the national production, use, and disposition of ACQ (alkaline copper quaternary)- treated lumber decking and wood plastic composite decking using life cycle assessment (LCA) methodologies and following.
Sep 29, 2017 . a good inducement for manufacturing wood-plastic composites from different recycled .. 5.7 Economic consequences of recycled raw materials in WPC . .. 1.2 Legislation. Legislation for better waste management has been issued in the EU. Waste management in the EU is based on the waste hierarchy.
Apr 22, 2011 . When assessing decking materials ó wood vs. composites ó you may be surprised by which material has a lower environmental impact. . A recently published life-cycle assessment (LCA) comparing pressure-treated wood (PTW) to wood-plastic composites (WPCs) anchors the wood industry's current.
Jul 28, 2010 . Wood-Plastic Composite Lumber vs. Wood Decking. A Comparison of Performance Characteristics and Environmental Attributes. Introduction. Plastic “lumber” products began appearing in U.S. markets in the late .. Environmental life cycle analysis (sometimes referred to as life cycle assessment), or LCA,.
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering . plastic composites (WPC) with 12.7 mm diameter bolts, and to observe the general behavior of .. specification for evaluation of structural composite lumber products”, recommends a minimum sample size of 10 for establishing design values for wood base composites.
The production volume of WPC decking in Europe was 174,000 tons in 2012, whereas only 16,000 tons of WPC cladding were produced . . at private house owners rather than architects and engineers who are in charge of material selection within a building project and assess products under technical aspects. It can be.
May 12, 2003 . utilization would make plastics recycling more economical and therefore more prevalent. 1 California Integrated Waste Management Board (CIWMB). Recycled Plastic Lumber. Online: <ciwmb.ca.gov/Plastic/Recycled/Lumber> (Oct. 8, 2002). 2 PLTA. 2000 State of the Recycled Plastic Lumber Industry,.
Simultaneously changing prices of primary and secondary petrochemicals along with the environmental issues related to greenhouse gases and carbon emissions promoting the Bio based products. Some Government authorities authorized the certification of Environment friendliness to Wood Plastic Composites.
K. W. Johansen, “Theory of Timber Connections,” International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, vol. 9, pp. 249–262, 1949. Google Scholar; 12. D. A. Balma, “Evaluation of Bolted Connection in Wood Plastic Composites,” Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University,.
Lumber Life Cycle: Wood vs. Composite Decking | Remodeling. When assessing decking materials ó wood vs. composites ó you may be surprised by which material has a lower environmental impact.
environmental impact assessments of WPCs. Finally, critical aspects of . mance, a homeowner may choose to use WPC decking instead of pressure-treated . plastic product. Wood used in WPCs often comes from side streams such as sawdust produced while manufacturing lumber or recovered wood products, and is.
Dec 19, 2017 . This study, overviews the importance of Wood Plastic Composites in conserving the environment by depletion post consume plastics from landfills, and the impact of these composites in developing the economic via opening new flourished markets for modern products. Both the ecological and economical.
Jul 31, 2013 . Twenty-five years is the expected service life of all decking materials. TRACI 2.1 method found in SimaPro 7 modeled the life-cycle impact assessment (LCIA) per functional unit. Softwood shavings used in making. WPC decking products left the sawmill with no environmental burdens assigned to them. The.
potential uses. The markets for WPC decking lumber have been expanding recently and new applications are being pursued. Door and window components, deck handrails and fencing are other mar- kets for the WPC industry. The flexibility of manufacturing methods and product performance attributes provide the potential.
Oct 15, 2016 . Decking made 67% whereas cladding and fencing reached only 6% of the total amount in Europe  and . Obviously . Based on the author's experience from the WPC industry, manufacturers are faced a lack of information about how to assess this long-term material degradation for their product.